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Muscle:
Pectoralis Muscle (Musculus pectoralis major)
a. Clavicular and sternal heads.
b. Rotating 3D Image of skeleton and muscle (in new tab or window).

Attachments: Origin & Insertion
Origin: (proximal attachments)
a. Clavicular head: medial half of the clavicle.
b. Sternal head: sternum, upper costal cartilages (1-6), and the aponeurosis of the external oblique.

Insertion: (distal attachments)
a. Lateral lip of the intertubercular (bicipital) groove of the humerus.
b. Crest of the greater tubercle of the humerus.

Actions:
Clavicular head:
a. Flexes the arm at the shoulder (glenohumeral) joint.
Sternal head:
a. Extends the arm at the shoulder (glenohumeral) joint from a flexed position.
Both heads working together:
a. Medially rotate the arm at the shoulder (glenohumeral) joint.
b. Adduct the arm at the shoulder (glenohumeral) joint.

Nerves & Nerve Roots:
a. Lateral pectoral nerve to the clavicular head.
b. Medial pectoral nerve to the sternal head.
a. C5, C6, C7 (lateral pectoral nerve to the clavicular head).
b. C8 and T1 (medial pectoral nerve to the sternal head).


















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Cervical Vertebrae