Location and Functions of the Larynx

Author: Scott A. Sheffield MS

Last update:

The image descriptionlarynx is a short (= 1.5 inch) tube that is located in the throat, inferior to the image descriptionhyoid bone  and image descriptiontongue  and anterior to the image descriptionesophagus.

A midsagittal view of the head and neck
A midsagittal view with label: Larynx
A midsagittal view with label: Hyoid bone
A midsagittal view with label: Tongue
A midsagittal view with label: Esophagus
  • Forming the larynx are nine (9) supportive cartilages, several intrinsic and extrinsic muscles, and a mucous membrane lining.
  • As a primary function, the larynx provides a carefully guarded air passageway (See the GIF below)  between the pharynx and the trachea.

  • During the swallowing process, movements of the cartilages close the entrance to the larynx so food and drink cannot enter.
  • The larynx also houses the vocal folds and ligaments that produce the voice sounds.

Have you considered revising this topic with flashcards?

An Overview of the Location and Functions of the Larynx:

image descriptionShow/image descriptionHide answers

Test yourself with answers hidden
Test yourself with answers shown (larynx, trachea,esophagus, tongue, larynx, trachea, hyoid bone)
Swipe to show/ hide answers