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Femur Bone – Anterior Markings

Bone Markings:

[Anterior view / right femur]:

  1. image descriptionShaft (Corpus femoris) is the cylindrical, anteriorly arched body of the femur.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Shaft - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionHead (Caput femoris) is a prominent, smooth, ball-shaped structure on the proximal end of the bone. The head articulates with the acetabulum of the os coxa (or hip bone) to form the hip joint.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Head - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionFovea of Femur Head (Fovea capitis fe-moris) is a small, pit-like depression on the medial surface of the head, which is also called the fovea capitis. It is as an attachment site for the ligamentum teres (round ligament; ligament of head of femur). This short, narrow, ligamentous band transmits arteries to the head of the femur and helps attach the head to the acetabulum of the os coxa (hip bone).
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Fovea of Femur Head - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionNeck (Collum femoris) is a pyramid-shaped expanse that connects the head to the shaft. This region is a frequent site of fractures, especially in the elderly.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Neck - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionGreater trochanter (Trochanter major) is a large, irregular-shaped process located lateral to neck and superior to shaft. It is an attachment point for the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, piriformis, obturator, and gemellus muscles.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Greater trochanter - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionLesser trochanter (Trochanter minor) is a medial prominence located just inferior to neck. It is the insertion point for the iliacus and psoas major muscles.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Lesser trochanter - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionIntertrochanteric line (Linea intertrochan-terica) is an anterior ridge that obliquely spans the distance betweeen the greater and lesser trochanters. It is the attachment point for the articular capsule and iliofemoral ligament.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Intertrochanteric line - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionMedial condyle (Condylus medialis) is a large, rounded, knob-like projection at the mediodistal end of the femur. It articulates with the medial condyle of the tibia.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Medial condyle - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionMedial epicondyle(Epicondylus medialis) is a small, medial protrusion superior to the articular surface of the medial condyle. It is an attachment point for the tibial (medial) collateral ligament.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Medial epicondyle - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionAdductor tubercle (Tuberculum adduc-torium) is a small elevation on the superior surface of the medial condyle. It serves as an attachment point for the adductor magnus muscle.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Adductor tubercle - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionLateral condyle (Condylus lateralis) is a large rounded projection at the laterodistal end of the bone. It articulates with the lateral condyle of tibia.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Lateral condyle - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionLateral epicondyle (Epicondylus lateralis) is a small, lateral protrusion superior to the articular surface of the lateral condyle. It is an attachment point for the fibular (lateral) collateral ligament.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Lateral epicondyle - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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  1. image descriptionPatellar surface (Facies patellaris) is the smooth surface that covers the anterior portion of the femur condyles. This area articulates with the posterior surface of the patella.
Femur Bone - Anterior View
Patellar surface - Femur Bone - Anterior View
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Femur Bone - Anterior View - Test yourself
Femur Bone - Anterior View - Test yourself - Answers
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