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Femur Bone – Introduction

Introduction to Femur Bone:

  • The femur (os femoris) extends from the hip to the knee and is the longest and strongest bone in the body.
  • Forming the image descriptionmidportion of the femur is a long cylindrical shaft, which arches or curves anteriorly.
Femur bone - Shaft
Femur bone - Shaft - labeled
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  • At its image descriptionproximal end, the spherical head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum (hip socket) of the os coxa (hip bone) to form the hip joint.
Femur bone - Proximal end
Femur bone - Proximal end - labeled
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  • image descriptionDistally, the femur articulates with the medial and lateral condyles of the tibia to form the knee joint.
Femur bone - Distal end
Femur bone - Distal end - labeled
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image descriptionThe patella bone covers the anterior portion of the femur’s distal articular surface and helps protect the knee joint from injury.

Femur bone - Patella
Femur bone - Patella - labeled
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