Neurophysiology

Multipolar neuron with nerve signals via its dendrites.

Neurophysiology is the study of the function and behavior of the nervous system. It researches and describes the electrical and chemical signaling processes that happen in the neuronal structures of our body.

Some focus areas of neurophysiology are:

  • how sensory information from outside or inside the body's systems is converted into signals that travel through nerves to be identified by the brain,
  • how outgoing motor commands from the brain are generated and transmitted to muscles to produce movements,
  • how chemical messages called neurotransmitters are released from one cell to another to relay information between neurons.

Learn the topic with the interactive diagrams, illustrations and diagrams on the neurophysiology of nerve cells below.