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Scapula Bone – Anterior Anatomy

Anterior Scapula Bone Anatomy

Bone Markings:

  1. image descriptionSuperior border or margin (Margo superior) is the upper edge of the scapula that runs next to the clavicle. The omohyoid muscle attaches along this surface. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Labeled anterior scapula with labeled superior border
Labeled anterior scapula bone with labeled superior border
Slide for labels
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  1. image descriptionMedial border or margin (Margo medialis) is the medial edge of the scapula and is also called the vetebral border. This area is an attachment point for the rhomboid major, rhomboid minor and serratus anterior muscles. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Labeled anterior scapula with labeled medial border
Anterior scapula bone with labeled medial border
Slide for labels
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  1. image descriptionLateral border or margin (Margo lateralis) is the lateral edge of the scapula. The teres minor muscle attaches along this surface, which is also called the axillary border. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Anterior scapula with labeled lateral border
Anterior scapula bone with labeled lateral border
Slide for labels
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  1. image descriptionSuperior angle (Angulus superior) is a sharp curvature at the junction of the superior and medial borders. This area is an attachment point for levator scapula muscle. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Anterior scapula with labeled superior angle
Anterior scapula bone with labeled superior angle
Slide for labels
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  1. image descriptionLateral angle (Angulus lateralis) is the junction of the superior and lateral borders. Its slightly concave lateral edge articulates with the head of the humerus. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Anterior scapula with labeled lateral angle
Slide for labels
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  1. image descriptionInferior angle (Angulus inferior) is a sharp curvature formed at the junction of the medial and lateral margins. It is an area of attachment for the teres major muscle. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Anterior scapula with labeled inferior angle
Anterior scapula bone with labeled inferior angle
Slide for labels
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  1. image descriptionCoracoid process (Processus coracoi-deus) is a curved, hook-like anterolateral projection located above the lateral angle. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
  • The term coracoid refers to the marking’s resemblance to a crow’s beak (Gr., korax, crow’s). The biceps brachii, coracobrachialis, and pectoralis minor muscles attach along the surface of this process.
Illustration of anterior scapula
Anterior scapula bone with labeled coracoid process
Slide for labels
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  1. image descriptionSuprascapular (scapular) notch (Incisura scapulae) is a small groove located medial to the coracoid process. It forms a passageway for the suprascapular nerve. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Anterior scapula with labeled scapular notch
Anterior scapula bone with labeled scapular notch
Slide for labels
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  1. image descriptionGlenoid cavity or fossa  (Cavitas glen-oidalis) is a slight concavity at the lateral angle. It forms a shallow socket for the articulation of the head of the humerus. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Anterior scapula with labeled glenoid cavity
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  1. image descriptionInfraglenoid tubercle (Tuberculum infra-glenoidale) is a small prominence on the inferior margin of the glenoid fossa. It serves as an attachment point for the long head of the triceps brachii muscle. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Anterior scapula with labeledInfraglenoid tubercle infraglenoid tubercle
Anterior scapula bone with labeled infraglenoid tubercle
Slide for labels
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  1. image descriptionSubscapular fossa  (Fossa subscapularis) is a large, slightly depressed region in the middle of scapula’s anterior surface. The subscapularis muscle attaches to this region of the bone. image descriptionIllustration / image descriptionReal Bone
Illustration of anterior scapula
Anterior scapula with labeled subscapular fossa
Anterior scapula bone with labeled subscapular fossa
Slide for labels
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