Heart Anatomy

Anterior view of the heart and its main vessels

The heart is a muscular organ that pumps blood through the body. It has four chambers: two atria and two ventricles.

  • The right atrium receives deoxygenated blood from the body through veins, namely superior and inferior venae cavae. It then pumps it into the right ventricle, which pumps it into the pulmonary artery and lungs to pick up oxygen-rich blood returning from the lungs.
  • The left atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs via the pulmonary veins; it then passes this blood into the left ventricle, which pumps it into the aorta, which then via its branches distributes the blood through smaller arteries.

The heart also contains valves that keep blood flowing in one direction, ensuring that it does not flow backward through the heart. The heart itself is supplied with blood via the coronary arteries.

Learn more about the anatomy of the heart with free labeled diagrams.