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Hip Bone Anatomy – Anterior Markings

Hip Bone Anterior Markings:

Ilium Bone Markings:

  1. image descriptionIliac Crest or Crest of Ilium (Crista iliaca) is the curved upper ridge of the ilium. The latissimus dorsi, quadratus lumborum, erector spine, iliacus, tensor fasciae latae, and abdominal muscles attach along the surface of this ridge.
Hip Bone
Iliac crest - Hip Bone
Iliac crest - Hip Bone Colored
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  1. image descriptionIliac Fossa (Fossa iliaca) is a broad depression located along the anteromedial surface, inferior to the iliac crest. It is an attachment point for the iliacus muscle.
Hip Bone
Iliac fossa - Hip Bone
Iliac fossa - Hip Bone Colored
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  1. image descriptionAnterior Superior Iliac Spine (Spina iliaca anterior superior) is a anterior projection from the iliac crest that serves as an attachment point for the sartorius muscle and inguinal ligament.
Hip Bone
Superior anterior iliac spine - Hip Bone
Superior anterior iliac spine - Hip Bone Colored
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  1. image descriptionAnterior Inferior Iliac Spine (Spina iliaca anterior inferior) is a projection below the anterior superior iliac spine that is as an attachment point for the rectus femoris muscle.
Hip Bone
Inferior anterior iliac spine - Hip Bone
Inferior anterior iliac spine - Hip Bone Colored
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Pubic Bone (Pubis) Markings:

  1. image descriptionSymphysis pubis or pubic symphysis (Symphysis pubica; symphysis pubis) is the cartilaginous joint between the two pubic bones.
Hip Bone
Symphysis pubis - Hip Bone
Symphysis pubis - Hip Bone Colored
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  1. image descriptionBody of pubis (Corpus ossis pubis) is the flatten, medial end of the pubis that lies adjacent to the symphysis
Hip Bone
Body of pubis - Hip Bone
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  1. image descriptionInferior Pubic Ramus (Ramus inferior ossis pubis) is a thin, flat, downward extension that runs diagonally from the medial pubis to the ischial ramus. The adductor brevis, adductor magnus, and gracilis muscles attach to this ramus.
Hip Bone
Inferior pubic ramus - Hip Bone
Inferior pubic ramus - Hip Bone Colored
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  1. image descriptionSuperior Pubic Ramus (Ramus superior ossis pubis) is a band of bone that runs along the superior aspect of the pubis. The surface of this ramus is an attachment site for the pectineus muscle.
Hip Bone
Superior pubic ramus - Hip Bone
Superior pubic ramus - Hip Bone Colored
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  1. image descriptionPubic crest (Crista pubica) is a short, superiomedial ridge that runs extends horizontally from the symphysis to the pubic tubercle. It is an attachment point for the abdominal muscles.
Hip Bone
Pubic crest - Hip Bone
Pubic crest - Hip Bone Colored
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  1. image descriptionPubic tubercle (Tuberculum pubicum) is a projection from the lateral end of the pubic crest and serves as an attachment point for the inguinal ligament.
Hip Bone
Pubic tubercle - Hip Bone
Pubic tubercle - Hip Bone Colored
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Ischium Bone Markings:

  1. image descriptionRamus of Ischium (Ramus ossis ischii) is a thin, flat, anterior extension of the ischium that joins with the inferior ramus of the pubic bone. The adductor magnus muscle attaches along its surface.
Hip Bone
Ramus of Ischium - Hip Bone
Ramus of Ischium - Hip Bone Colored
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Interdivisional Bone Markings:

  1. image descriptionObturator foramen (Foramen obturatum; foramen obturatorium) is a large opening enclosed by the pubic and ischial rami. Most of the foramen is covered by a ligamentous membrane (obturator mem-brane), which helps decrease the weight of the os coax. The obturator vessels and nerves pass through a large canal located in the upper portion of the membrane.
Hip Bone
Obturator foramen - Hip Bone Colored
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  1. image descriptionAcetabulum (Acetabulum) is a large, rounded depression on the external (lateral) surface of the os coxa. It is formed by portions of the ilium, ischium, and pubic bones and accepts the head of the femur to form the hip joint.
Hip Bone
Acetabulum - Hip Bone
Acetabulum - Hip Bone Colored
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Test yourself: [image descriptionShow/image descriptionHide]

Hip Bone - Test yourself
Hip Bone - Test yourself - Answers
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