The Skull Bones Anatomy – Inferior View

Author: Scott A. Sheffield MS

Last update:

Cranial bones and Facial bones:

Let’s start with taking a look at the cranial and facial bones from an anterior view before we dive into their markings from an inferior perspective. 

Facial Bones:

  1. image descriptionZygomatic bone (os zygomaticum).
  2. image descriptionMaxilla bone (os maxilla).
  3. image descriptionPalatine bone (os palatinum).

 

Learn skull anatomy faster with these interactive skull bones quizzes and worksheets.

skull bones - inferior view
skull bones - inferior view - zygomatic bone - divisions
skull bones - inferior view - maxilla bone - divisions
skull bones - inferior view - palatine bone - divisions
Facial bones of the skull - inferior view
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Cranial Bones:

  1. image descriptionSphenoid bone (os sphenoidale).
  2. image descriptionTemporal bone (os temporale).
  3. image descriptionParietal bone (os parietale).
  4. image descriptionOccipital bone (os occipitale).
skull bones - inferior view
skull bones - inferior view - sphenoid bone - divisions
skull bones - inferior view - temporal bone - divisions
skull bones - inferior view - palatine bone - divisions
skull bones - inferior view - occipital bone - divisions
Cranial bones of the skull - inferior view
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Maxilla Bone:

  1. image descriptionPalatine process of maxilla (processus palatinus maxillae).
  2. image descriptionIncisive foramen (foramen incisivum maxillae).
skull markings - inferior view - part 1
Skull markings - inferior view - palatine process
Skull markings - inferior view - incisive fossa
Markings of the maxilla bone - inferior view
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Palatine bone:

  1. image descriptionHorizontal plate of palatine bone (pars horizontalis palatini).
  2. image descriptionGreater palatine foramen (foramen palatinum majus).
  3. image descriptionLesser palatine foramen (foramina palatina minora).

 

Use these interactive quizzes and worksheets to quickly and efficiently learn skull bone anatomy.

skull markings - inferior view - part 1
Skull markings - inferior view - horizontal plate
Skull markings - inferior view - greater palatine foramen
Skull markings - inferior view - lesser palatine foramen
Markings of the palatine bone - inferior view
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Zygomatic Bone:

  1. image descriptionTemporal process of zygomatic bone (processus temporalis zygomatici).
skull markings - inferior view - part 1
Skull markings - inferior view - temporal process
Markings of the zygomatic bone - inferior view
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Sphenoid Bone:

  1. image descriptionBody of sphenoid bone (corpus sphenoidalis).
  2. image descriptionPterygoid process (processus pterygoideus sphenoidalis).
  3. image descriptionLateral pterygoid plate (lamina lateralis processus pterygoideus sphenoidalis).
  4. image descriptionMedial pterygoid plate (lamina medialis processus pterygoideus sphenoidalis).
  5. image descriptionPterygoid hamulus (hamalus pterygoideus sphenoidalis).
  6. image descriptionGreater wing (ala major sphenoidalis).
  7. image descriptionForamen ovale (foramen ovale sphenoidalis).
  8. image descriptionForamen spinosum (foramen spinosum sphenoidalis).
skull markings - inferior view - part 1
Skull markings - inferior view - body
Skull markings - inferior view - pterygoid process
Skull markings - inferior view - lateral pterygoid plate
Skull markings - inferior view - medial pterygoid plate
Skull markings - inferior view - pterygoid hamulus
Skull markings - inferior view - greater wing
Skull markings - inferior view - foramen ovale
Skull markings - inferior view - foramen spinosum
Markings of the sphenoid bone - inferior view
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Temporal Bone:

  1. image descriptionSquamous part of temporal bone (pars squamosa or squama temporalis).
  2. image descriptionZygomatic process (processus zygomaticus temporalis).
  3. image descriptionMandibular fossa or glenoid fossa (fossa mandibularis temporalis).
  4. image descriptionTympanic part (pars tympanica temporalis).
  5. image descriptionExternal acoustic meatus or auditory meatus (meatus acusticus externu temporalis).
  6. image descriptionStyloid process (processus styloideus temporalis).
  7. image descriptionPetrous part (pars petrosa temporalis).
  8. image descriptionCarotid canal (canalis caroticus temporalis).
  9. image descriptionMastoid process (processus mastoideus temporalis).
  10. image descriptionMastoid part (processus mastoideus temporalis).
  11. image descriptionMastoid notch (incisura mastoidea temporalis).
  12. image descriptionStylomastoid foramen (foramen stylomastoideum temporalis).
  13. image descriptionMastoid foramen (foramen mastoideum temporalis).

 

Use these interactive spaced repetition-style quizzes and worksheets to quickly and efficiently learn skull bone anatomy.

skull bone markings - inferior view
skull bone markings - inferior view - squamous part
skull bone markings - inferior view - zygomatic process
skull bone markings - inferior view - mandibular fossa
skull bone markings - inferior view - tympanic part
skull bone markings - inferior view - external acoustic meatus
skull bone markings - inferior view - styloid process
skull bone markings - inferior view - petrous part
skull bone markings - inferior view - carotid canal
skull bone markings - inferior view - mastoid process
skull bone markings - inferior view - mastoid part
skull bone markings - inferior view - mastoid notch
skull bone markings - inferior view - mastoid foramen
Markings of the temporal bone - inferior view
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Occipital Bone:

  1. image descriptionForamen magnum (foramen magnum occipitalis).
  2. image descriptionBasilar part of occipital bone (pars basilaris occipitalis).
  3. image descriptionLateral part (pars lateralis occipitalis).
  4. image descriptionOccipital condyle (condylus occipitalis).
  5. image descriptionCondylar canal (canalis condylaris occipitalis).
  6. image descriptionSquamous part (squama occipitalis).
  7. image descriptionExternal occipital protuberance (protuberantia occipitalis externa).
  8. image descriptionSuperior nuchal line (linea nuchalis superior occipitalis).
  9. image descriptionExternal occipital crest (crista occipitalis).
  10. image descriptionInferior nuchal line (linea nuchalis inferior occipitalis).
skull bone markings - inferior view
skull bone markings - inferior view - foramen magnum
skull bone markings - inferior view - basilar part
skull bone markings - inferior view - lateral part
skull bone markings - inferior view - occipital condyle
skull bone markings - inferior view - condylar canal
skull bone markings - inferior view - squamous part - occipital bone
skull bone markings - inferior view - external occipital protuberance
skull bone markings - inferior view - superior nuchal line
skull bone markings - inferior view - external occipital crest
skull bone markings - inferior view - inferior nuchal line
Markings of the occipital bone - inferior view
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Between Bones:

  1. image descriptionForamen lacerum (foramen lacerum).
  2. image descriptionJugular foramen (foramen jugulare).
skull bone markings - inferior view
skull bone markings - inferior view - foramen lacerum
skull bone markings - inferior view - jugular foramen
Markings between the bones - inferior view
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Test yourself:

Lateral Skull Bones Quiz

Skull bones – inferior view [image descriptionShow/image descriptionHide answers]

Inferior Skull markings: [image descriptionShow/image descriptionHide answers]

Inferior view – Temporal bone [image descriptionShow/image descriptionHide answers]

Inferior view – Occipital bone [image descriptionShow/image descriptionHide answers]

skull bones - inferior view - test yourself
skull bones - inferior view - test yourself - answers
Skull markings - inferior - part 1 - test yourself
Skull markings - inferior view - part 1 - test yourself - answers
skull markings - inferior view- temporal bone - test yourself
skull markings - inferior view- temporal bone - test yourself - answers
skull markings - inferior view- occipital bone - test yourself
skull markings - inferior view- occipital bone - test yourself - answers
The bone of the skull - inferior view - test yourself
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